Adaptation and implementation of a mobile phone-based remote symptom monitoring system for people with cancer in Europe
Furlong, Eileen; Darley, Andrew; Fox, Patricia A.; Buick, Alison R.; Kotronoulas, Grigorios; Miller, Morven; Flowerday, Adrian; Miaskowski, Christine; Patiraki, Elisabeth; Katsaragakis, Stylianos; Ream, Emma; Armes, Jo; Gaiger, Alexander; Berg, Geir Vegard; McCrone, Paul; Donnan, Peter; McCann, Lisa; Maguire, Roma
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJMIR Cancer. 2019, 5(1):e10813, 1-14. doi: 10.2196/10813. 10.2196/10813
BACKGROUND: There has been an international shift in health care, which has seen an increasing focus and development of technological and personalized at-home interventions that aim to improve health outcomes and patient-clinician communication. However, there is a notable lack of empirical evidence describing the preparatory steps of adapting and implementing technology of this kind across multiple countries and clinical settings. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the steps undertaken in the preparation of a multinational, multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test a mobile phone-based remote symptom monitoring system, that is, Advanced Symptom Management System (ASyMS), designed to enhance management of chemotherapy toxicities among people with cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy versus standard cancer center care. METHODS: There were 13 cancer centers across 5 European countries (Austria, Greece, Ireland, Norway, and the United Kingdom). Multiple steps were undertaken, including a scoping review of empirical literature and clinical guidelines, translation and linguistic validation of study materials, development of standardized international care procedures, and the integration and evaluation of the technology within each cancer center. RESULTS: The ASyMS was successfully implemented and deployed in clinical practices across 5 European countries. The rigorous and simultaneous steps undertaken by the research team highlighted the strengths of the system in clinical practice, as well as the clinical and technical changes required to meet the diverse needs of its intended users within each country, before the commencement of the RCT. CONCLUSIONS: Adapting and implementing this multinational, multicenter system required close attention to diverse considerations and unique challenges primarily related to communication and clinical and technical issues. Success was dependent on collaborative and transparent communication among academics, the technology industry, translation partners, patients, and clinicians as well as a simultaneous and rigorous methodological approach within the 5 relevant countries.