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dc.contributor.authorTorske, Tonje
dc.contributor.authorNærland, Terje
dc.contributor.authorØie, Merete Glenne
dc.contributor.authorStenberg, Nina
dc.contributor.authorAndreassen, Ole Andreas
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 2018, 11 .en_US
dc.description.abstractAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by social dysfunction. Even though executive dysfunction has been recognized as important in understanding ASD, the findings are inconsistent. This might be due to different definitions of executive function (EF), which part of EF that has been studied, structured vs. unstructured tasks, inclusion of different moderators (age, IQ, sex) and different diagnostic categories within the spectrum. The main finding is that people with ASD have more EF difficulties than normal controls and more difficulties on open-end tasks than on structured cognitive tasks. Since some EF difficulties may not be observable in a laboratory setting, informant measures might have higher ecological validity than neuropsychological tests. Evidence suggests that executive dysfunctions are associated with social impairments, but few studies have investigated the details of this relationship, and it remains unclear what types of EF deficits are relevant for the social problems of individuals with ASD. Here we investigated which EF domains were associated with various domains of social function on parent-rated measures. A total of 86 children and adolescents with a diagnosis of ASD were included and tested for general cognitive abilities. Parents completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). Multiple regression analysis revealed significant associations between SRS scores and age, sex, total IQ and the BRIEF indexes. The Metacognition Index from the BRIEF added significantly to the prediction of the SRS total score and the subscales Social Communication, Social Motivation and Autistic Mannerisms. The findings suggest that metacognitive aspects of EF are of particular importance for social abilities in children and adolescents with ASD. Earlier research has shown that typically developing (TD) children have a different relationship between EF and social function than children with ASD. They found that in TD children the EF domain related to behavioral regulation was most important to social function. The results from the current study may have implications for understanding the cognitive components of the social problems that define ASD, and may be relevant in developing more targeted clinical EF interventions related to core ASD dysfunctions.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe study is part of the BUPgen Study group and the research network NeuroDevelop. The project was supported by the National Research Council of Norway (Grant #213694) vand the South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority funds the Regional Research Network NeuroDevelop (Grant #39763). The corresponding author has a research grant from Vestre Viken Hospital Trust (Grant #6903002).en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectautism spectrum disorder (ASD);en_US
dc.subjectbehavior rating inventory of executive function;en_US
dc.subjectexecutive function;en_US
dc.subjectsocial function;en_US
dc.subjectsocial responsiveness scaleen_US
dc.titleMetacognitive aspects of executive function are highly associated with social functioning on parent-rated measures in children with Autism Spectrum Disorderen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2018 Torske, Nærland, Øie, Stenberg and Andreassen. This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en_US
dc.source.journalFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscienceen_US
cristin.unitnameAvd Forskning

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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal